Phonological processing is an important skill for learning to sound out and spell unfamiliar words. Phonological processing refers to the ability to identify and work with the sounds in language. Unlike phonics, phonological tasks do not require letters and can be done with your eyes closed! In the early stages, phonological skills include identifying how many words are in a sentence and identifying how many syllables are in a word. At a more advanced level, phonological tasks include isolating the beginning, final and medial sounds in words, breaking words into individual sounds and blending a series of sounds into a word.